Diseases Related to Obesity

Obesity Related Health Conditions

Obesity itself has been recognized by the American Medical Association as a disease and is the leading cause of preventative death in the United States. Major diseases related to obesity are:

Diabetes

A serious disease in which the body cannot properly control the amount of sugar in your blood because it does not have enough insulin.

Hypertension

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is the most common cardiovascular disease. Blood pressure refers to the force of blood pushing against artery walls as it courses through the body. Like air in a tire or water in a hose, blood fills arteries to a certain capacity. Just as too much air pressure can damage a tire or too much water pushing through a garden hose can damage the hose, high blood pressure can threaten healthy arteries and lead to life-threatening conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea that is caused by recurring interruption of breathing during sleep due to obstruction usually of the upper airway especially by weak, redundant, or malformed pharyngeal tissues, that occurs chiefly in overweight middle-aged and elderly individuals, and that results in hypoxemia and frequent arousals during the night and in excessive sleepiness during the day—abbreviation OSA; called also obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

Asthma

A chronic lung disorder that is marked by recurring episodes of airway obstruction (as from bronchospasm) manifested by labored breathing accompanied especially by wheezing and coughing and by a sense of constriction in the chest, and that is triggered by hyperreactivity to various stimuli (as allergens or rapid change in air temperature)

Osteoarthritis of weight bearing joints

Arthritis typically with onset during middle or old age that is characterized by degenerative and sometimes hypertrophic changes in the bone and cartilage of one or more joints and a progressive wearing down of apposing joint surfaces with consequent distortion of joint position and is marked symptomatically especially by pain, swelling, and stiffness.

Infertility

Incapable of or unsuccessful in achieving pregnancy over a considerable period of time in spite of determined attempts without contraception.

GERD

A highly variable chronic condition that is characterized by periodic episodes of gastroesophageal reflux usually accompanied by heartburn and that may result in histopathologic changes in the esophagus called Barrett’s. Other symptoms that may occur are regurgitation of food and a chronic hoarse voice or cough.

Depression

A mood disorder marked especially by sadness, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Any involuntary leakage of urine. It can be a common and distressing problem, which may have a profound impact on quality of life. Urinary incontinence is one of the most under-reported conditions of obesity reported to medical practitioners.

Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease

One cause of a fatty liver, occurring when fat is deposited (steatosis) in the liver. It is related to insulin resistance and the metabolic syndrome and may respond to treatments such as weight loss. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is the most extreme form of Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease, and is regarded as a major cause of cirrhosis of the liver of unknown cause.


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